Crossing the skies
The national airport system has been improved in terms of infrastructure and connectivity, thanks to the improvement of the runways of most of the country’s airports. This has made it possible to receive larger aircraft, which has been generating an interesting increase in the frequencies of the routes. Important investments are planned for the future, which will allow continuing this process.
After granting the concession of two groups of regional airports, this year the MTC has planned to grant the third one, consisting of the airports of Jauja, Huanuco and Jaen.
Jorge Chavez International Airport
This is a self-sustaining 30-year concession with a committed investment of US$1062 million (30% executed as of December 2014). The partial delivery of lands for the airport expansion (new passenger terminal and second runway) was allowed thanks to an addendum signed in the present administration (new passenger terminal and second runway). 3.85 million m2 of land have already been delivered, which is equivalent to 56.32% of the total area intended for the expansion. The balance (released lands that were under the power of possessors) will be given to the concessionaire upon finishing construction of the Nestor Gambetta Avenue stretch that, through a tunnel, will cross this second runaway.
This stage of expansion and modernization of Jorge Chavez International Airport will require an investment of approximately US$850 million. This conceptual design of the project will ready at the end of this year.
Chinchero International Airport (Cusco)
Chinchero International Airport, Cusco was awarded in concession on April 30, 2014. This is a co-financed 40-year concession and the initial investment is US$658 million for starting operations – this amount could go up to US$538 million with future expansions and rehabilitation during the operation stage. It will be a 40,000-m² terminal which will initially have a capacity to handle 4.5 million of passenger per year, the same which can be extended yearly until 6 million passenger according to demand. This airport will have direct international connection with the main cities of America. The start of construction works is estimated for October of the herein year. This airport infrastructure will help to support the growth in the number of local and international tourists to the Imperial City, boosting the development of both the department of Cusco and the country as a whole.
First Group of Regional Airports (12 airports)
This is a co-financed 25-year concession with a committed investment of US$108.2 million, which will be spent on quick-impact projects, security and basic works of the remaining period (75.4% of execution as of December 2014). It is in charge of Cajamarca, Chachapoyas, Chiclayo, Huaraz, Iquitos, Piura, Pisco, Pucallpa, Talara, Tarapoto, Trujillo and Tumbes.
MTC is concluding the complete restoration technical files for the runways of Chiclayo and Piura airports, which will demand a US$ 124 million investment.
In September 2013, the remodeling works for the new Pisco Airport (Ica) started, with an investment of PEN153 million. The project aims at providing the International Airport of Pisco with the necessary infrastructure for providing appropriate and sufficient commercial airport services (freight and passengers). It comprises the construction of a new and modern terminal that meets international requirements and service standards. Furthermore, this airport will be an alternative to Jorge Chavez International Airport, becoming a new entry for the country in terms of Peruvian and foreigners tourists. As of December 2014, work progress was estimated at 83.4%, with completion expected for May of this year.
Second Group of Regional Airports (6 airports)
This is a co-financed 25-year concession with a committed investment of US$ 70.3 million (70.5% executed as of December 2014). It comprises the airports of Andahuaylas, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Juliaca, Puerto Maldonado, and Tacna. In coordination with the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC, by its Spanish initials), the completion of the Andahuaylas Airport is being worked on. The initial contract period covers the expansion, adjustment and remodeling of terminals, which are now underway.
Arequipa Airport Modernization
In September 2013, the improved and expanded Alfredo Rodríguez Ballón Airport in Arequipa was opened. Improvement and expansion works included new departure lounges with a total of 250 seats, 9 new counters, and 120 additional baggage trolleys, as well as 2 boarding bridges. These works were implemented on an area of 2,200 m², implying an investment of PEN64 million.
Rehabilitation and Improvement of Jauja Airport
On May 26, 2014, the profile-level pre-investment study for the “Rehabilitation and Improvement of the Jauja Airport Passenger Building and Pavements” project was approved. During the second quarter of 2014, the project was exempted from conducting a pre-investment feasibility study, while it was declared feasible based on its profile-level pre-investment study, with an amount of US$85.4 million. Execution and approval of the project’s final study is expected to occur in this year.
General Parking Platform for general aviation at Cusco Airport
Due to increased number of operations registered by Cusco’s Velasco Astete International Airport, in 2013 the Directorate-General for Civil Aviation (DGAC, by its Spanish initials) drafted a profile-level pre-investment study and a final engineering study for expanding the airport’s parking capacity, which was approved on December 13, 2013. The public tender process for execution and supervision of works during the second quarter of 2015 is in force.
Further information on airports
Jorge Chavez International Airport
This airport was granted in concession to Lima Airport Partners (LAP) on February 14, 2001.
According to the contract, the Concessionaire is supposed to carry out improvements to both movable and immovable property aimed at optimizing the infrastructure and service quality. The improvements may be mandatory, possible or supplementary and are distributed along the initial phase and along the concession’s remaining period. Such improvements are set out in Appendix 6 of the Concession Contract, which is the technical proposal submitted by the Concessionaire. It is worth mentioning that the implementation of improvements implies not only investing capital assets, but also incurring expenses related to improving the airport services.
Among other obligations, Addendum IV establishes that at least US$25 million must be invested during the first thirty-six (36) months; at least US$80 million must be implemented in the first forty-two (42) months; and a total of US$110 million must have been executed by the fourth year. These amounts must come from the total amount budgeted for the implementation of Obligatory Improvements corresponding to the initial period. Moreover, a landing strip must have been built and must be operated by the end of the fourteenth year of the concession period.
Among the activities that have been carried out so far, the following can be highlighted: total maintenance, renewal of installations, works at Peru Plaza commercial area, the new terminal (boarding area) where boarding bridges (jetways) have already been installed, construction of Hotel Costa del Sol, construction of food service building (Gate Gourmet), and construction of 555 m2 of roofed area for the New VIP lounge, among others.
For the Second Stage of the airport expansion, opened on January 15, 2009, LAP expects to invest approximately US$46 million to carry out the following works until 2008:
- 12 new boarding jetways
- Expansion of national and international terminals
- More stores
- Modernization for security controls
- Platform expansion (19,000 m2)
- Moreover, remodeling the Central Tower, investment in landscaping, signposting, and in restrooms/autoclave represent a total investment of US$14 million.
As of the beginning of the concession, 750 jobs have been created, including direct and external jobs. Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that there are more than 8,500 direct and indirect jobs that have been created by LAP as well as by airlines, public entities, downstream users, and commercial concessionaires, among others.